ZABOLOTOV


ZABOLOTOV
ZABOLOTOV (Pol. Zablotów), town in Ivano-Frankovsk (Stanislav) district, Ukraine. The Jewish settlement in Zabolotov developed in the 18th century, and by 1764 there were 986 Jews in the town. From 1772 till 1918 the region was part of the Austrian empire. In the early 19th century there was a strong hasidic trend in the community, due mainly to David Hager (d. 1848; see kosov ), who founded a rabbinic dynasty centered in the town. The baron de hirsch Foundation established a school and a bank. The Jewish population numbered 1,730 (49% of the total) in 1880; 2,009 (50%) in 1890; 2,092 (49%) in 1900; and 2,171 (46%) in 1910. Toward the end of World War I many Jews left Zabolotov because of antisemitic attacks. In 1921 there were only 1,454 Jews (41%) left. Between the world wars the town was under Polish administration. (Shimshon Leib Kirshenboim) -Holocaust Period Under Soviet rule (1939–41) the town's Jewish institutions were disbanded. Early in July 1941 Hungarian forces took Zabolotov. The Ukrainians organized pogroms against the Jewish inhabitants. The town passed to direct German rule in September 1941. The Germans imposed a judenrat , headed by Neta Feliks, but he was removed shortly after for refusing to fulfill German orders. On Dec. 22, 1941, the authorities carried out an Aktion against the Jews, killing and burying 900 Jews in trenches on the road to Trojce. About 100 Jews were shot in the town itself. This was followed by the deportation of 250 Jews on April 11, 1942, to an unknown destination. On April 24 orders were given for the general evacuation of the remaining Jews to the ghetto in kolomyya within a three-day time limit. The mass exodus of inhabitants was averted for a few days by the payment of a sum of money, but afterward everyone moved, except for 20 persons designated as "indispensable," who were allowed to stay. In the Kolomyya ghetto the refugees underwent starvation and suffered from disease. About 250 Jews working in the vicinity of Zabolotov were again allowed to live in the town, and were exempt for the meantime from deportation. On Sept. 7, 1942, the remainder of the Jewish community of Zabolotov, along with all the Jews in that district, were sent to Snyatyn. They were all deported to the belzec extermination camp. The Zabolotov Jews in Kolomyya were liquidated along with the other inmates of the Kolomyya ghetto in an Aktion in January 1943. Societies of former residents of Zabolotov function in Israel and the U.S. (Aharon Weiss) -BIBLIOGRAPHY: B. Wasiutyński, Ludność źydowska w Polsce w wiekach XIX i XX (1930), 124; R. Mahler, Yidn in Amolikn Poyln in Likht fun Tsifern (1958), index; Ir u-Metim: Zabolotov ha-Mele'ah ve-ha-Ḥarevah (Heb. and Yid., 1949), a memorial book.

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Zabolotiv — ( ua. Заболотів, pl. Zabłotów) is a town in the Sniatynskyi Raion of Ivano Frankivsk Oblast in Western Ukraine. The population is 4,129 (2001). History Starting from 1790, there was growing Jewish community which had managed to become important… …   Wikipedia

  • List of villages and towns depopulated of Jews during the Holocaust — Below is a list of villages and towns depopulated of Jews during the Holocaust carried out under the Nazi regime during 1940 1945:Belarus*Antopol *Berezino *Chavusy *Davyd Haradok *Hrodna *Ivye *Lakhva *Lyubavichi *Luniniec *Minsk *Motol *Obech,… …   Wikipedia

  • List of shtetls — This list of shtetls and shtots (larger towns with significant pre World War II Jewish populations) is organized by their country.htetls flag|Belarus **Antopol [http://www.stevemorse.org/bereza and antopol/ant hist0.htm] **Berezino **Chavusy (… …   Wikipedia

  • Sabolotiw — (Заболотів) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Zabolotiv — Заболотів Géolocalisation sur la carte : Oblast d Ivano Frankivsk …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Sperber, Manes — (1905 84)    Austrian author. He was born in Zabolotov, Galicia, and moved to Vienna in 1916. He taught in Berlin from 1927 to 1933 and then settled in Paris. His novels about shtetl life include Like Tears in the Ocean and All Our Yesterdays …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Zabolotiv — Original name in latin Zabolotiv Name in other language Zablotov, Zablotow, Zablotuv, Zabolotiv, Zabolotov, Zabotw, Заболотів State code UA Continent/City Europe/Kiev longitude 48.47054 latitude 25.28571 altitude 233 Population 4029 Date 2013 01… …   Cities with a population over 1000 database


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